Migratory species & migration
Convention on Migratory Species (CMS, Bonn, 1979)
• This is the world's most comprehensive international framework for migratory species conservation.
• At the CMS homepage, by hovering over the CMS Instruments tab. ..
...you can link to seven formal Agreements, nineteen Memoranda of Understanding, and three Special Species Initiatives.
• This Australia-based organization "builds the participation capacity of wildlife scientists, wildlife policy experts, NGOs and CSOs
around the world to secure international wildlife conservation."
Global Registry of Migratory Species
Migrations in Motion @ TNC
Migration Science & Mystery: A Distance Learning Adventure
Winging Northward: A Shorebird's Journey
Migratory species conservation by geography
• The following listing covers activities and agreements that are not within the CMS system (see above).
1972 Japan-USA Migratory Birds Convention
1976 USA-USSR Convention Concerning the Conservation of Migratory Birds and Their Environment
Asia & Australasia
East Asian-Australasian Flyway Partnership
1940 Convention on Nature Protection and Wildlife Preservation in the Western Hemisphere
Overview @ Ecolex
Text @ OAS
Text @ Library of Congress
Entry in the Encyclopedia of the New American Nation
Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative
• As of July 27, 2017, the WHMSI page at USFS was no longer available.
• A Google search for the current status of WHMSI came up empty; any information on this would be greatly appreciated!
• WHMSI @ OAS
Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN)
1916 US-Canada Migratory Bird Treaty
Migratory Bird Treaty Act @ US Fish and Wildlife Service
Migratory Bird Treaty Act
U.S. Migratory Bird Conservation Commission
Pacific Flyway Council
Central Flyway Council
Mississippi Flyway Council
Atlantic Flyway Council
Flyways @ USFWS
Flyways @ DU
Flyways of the Americas @ NAS
Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in the Americas @ Birdlife International
• Bird Studies Canada
• Canadian Nature Federation
• National Audubon Society
• CONABIO site
International Migratory Bird Day, Environment for the Americas
International Shorebird Conservation @ US Shorebird Conservation Partnership
Migratory Bird Joint Ventures
Copper River International Migratory Bird Initiative
• As of August 2017, this page existed, but had not been updated in a long time.
North American Bird Conservation Initiative (NABCI) [Main site]
State of North Amerca's Birds 2016 report
State of North Amerca's Birds 2017 report
NABCI - Mexico
North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP)
• 2012 NAWMP Revision
- This site seems not to have been updated since ~2014.
• NAWMP @ United States Fish & Wildlife Service
• NAWMP Canada
• NAWMP @ AFWA
• NAWMP @ Ducks Unlimited
Partners in Flight
US Fish and Wildlife Service
Migratory Bird Program
- This website contains a plethora of information on migratory birds.
- The Management page (see left nav-bar) contains many helpful links to domestic and international programs.
Digest of Federal Resource Laws of Interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
- Many of the sources on this page pertain to international agreements on migratory species.
Park Flight @ US National Park Service
Wings Across the Americas @ US Forest Service
Migratory Birds @ Environment and Climate Change Canada